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Карта Российской Империи 1917 года % Map of the Russian E...

Сообщение admin » 03 июл 2014, 21:23

Любопытные для 1917 года мысли: "Британских производителей в России ожидают беспрецедентные возможности..." - читайте текст на нижнем поле карты:

AN ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITY, wholly without precedent, now awaits the enterprising British manufacturer who is desirous of finding a place in the markets of Russia, and is anxious for guidance as to ways and means of securing a footing on the vast and rich territory of our Ally.

The aftermath of the war will be accompanied by a decided preference on the part of Russia for the products of Allied Nations. It will be found also in a huge falling off in the imports from Germany which, just prior to the war, reached the remarkable total of £66,000,000. The great proportion of these imports was represented by goods such as British manufacturers could sell to Russia direct and to mutual advantage.

There is no reason why Britain should not put an end to the ramifications of German commerce in Russia, and hold unquestioned place in the markets of an Empire which has a mighty population of 180 million souls, and a revenue of £300,000,000 ; an awakening country that now calls insistently for the conveniences and the comforts of civilization.

It should be remembered that for a considerable time past Russia has been importing only such articles as are necessary to meet her war requirements. Most of her factories in the district under occupation have been destroyed; of the remainder, many have been applied to the manufacture of war supplies, and the balance are wholly inadequate to meet the demands made upon them. As a result, the great and varied needs of Russia, as yet unfilled, have increased to a notable extent since the days prior to the war, when her imports were obtained very largely through Germany. The present conflict has proved of considerable educational value to the Russian people, and has already been the means of putting money into circulation throughout the Empire, to an extent hitherto unknown. This can only result in an increased spending capacity as a nation. It will mean that where there has been one buyer in the past, in the future there will be a hundred. Considered in the aggregate, it is clear that imports will have to keep pace to a demand for goods that will thus be found to nave increased tremendously. Again, very few towns in Russia may be regarded as modern in their equipment. Having expended little or nothing on improvements, they have a lower rate of municipal debt than can be found practically anywhere else in the world. This fact, taken in conjunction with the undeveloped wealth of the districts in which they are situated, suggests that they are likely to prove most desirable customers in the future. The close of the war will find these Russian towns ready to instal new light and power plants, tramway cars, port equipment, and modern machinery of every kind.

This enormous business could quite easily be handled by British manufacturers, but it would be well for them to bear in mind that if it is to be taken over by them, it will be only as a result of prompt and intelligent action on their part to-day. If manufacturers are desirous of competing in this highly attractive field, their energies must be applied to studying the requirements of Russia, and preparation to meet those requirements. To this end, the manufacturer must give careful thought to the three following considerations:

1. He must first familiarize himself with the fundamental difference between the usages of the trade to which he has been acustomed, and the business methods of Russia. The British customer, for example, would not permit Russian salesmen to force him to accept their ways of doing business, and the Russian buyer must not be considered arbitrary if he adopts the same attitude.

2. He must realise that Russia, being largely an agricultural nation, is, of necessity, a nation which purchases on credit. In the past, the home manufacturer has objected to extending credit, and, as a result, the exports from Great Britain to Russia have been relatively small. Did he but stop to analyse the imports of Germany and the exports of the latter country to Russia, he would realise that British and American goods have been used to meet the Russian demand. British goods which bore German labels, and which realised prices sufficiently high to more than meet, not only the cost of the credit extended by Germany, but also the charges of German middle-men, German steamship companies, German docks,German forwarding agents, German insurance companies and German railroads. Germany made herself the middleman of the world - buying in the cheapest market and selling in the dearest. She bought either on a cash or a credit basis; when she sold she gave credit. Germany, then, shrewdly adapted herself to Russia's credit system, and emerged handsomely from her trading ventures. Middlemen are essential in business as it is carried on at the present time, but one nation should not be given preference over all others. The time has now come when nations must do their trading with other nations direct, and this is particularly true with regard to this country. In selling to Russia on credit, Germany incurred no risks, for, according to a statistical report issued some years ago by a German credit organisation, the percentage of bad debts in Russia is lower than in any other country in the world. The fact that Germany was so markedly active and successful in her pursuit of Russian trade, would seem to bear out the truth of this assertion.

3. He must appreciate that the field which he has chosen for the sale of his goods is the largest country in the world, comprising as it does one-sixth of the terrestrial globe, and stretching in its own latitude half-way round the world. It is a country with more miles of navigable rivers than any other in the world ; a country in which the climatic conditions range from that of the Tropics to the Arctic regions. Russia, finally, is a country rich in undeveloped wealth so vast as to impress the least imaginative.

R. Martens & Co., Limited, for whom this map has been specially prepared, maintain Offices in Great Britain, and in the seven principal cities of Russia indicated in red type on the map, and also at Paris and New York. The resources of these branches, with their competent clerical and engineering staffs, under the control of managers who are thoroughly acquainted with their respective territories, are at the disposal of any British manufacturer or organisation interested in Russia, desiring statistical or other information in regard thereto.

The business of R. Martens & Co., Limited, is primarily that of shippers and mercantile engineers. They have a staff of engineers at present travelling throughout Russia, for the sole purpose of studying on the spot the requirements of the markets, which vary greatly) in the different districts. The information they are busily acquiring is being carefully tabulated, this placing the firm in a unique position for affording invaluable information to these manufacturers who desire business relations with Russia at the close of the war.
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Карта Российской Империи 1917 года % Map of the Russian E...

Сообщение Лемур » 03 июл 2014, 21:45

admin писал(а):Любопытные для 1917 года мысли: "Британских производителей в России ожидают беспрецедентные возможности..." - читайте текст на нижнем поле карты:

AN ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITY, wholly without precedent, now awaits the enterprising British manufacturer who is desirous of finding a place in the markets of Russia, and is anxious for guidance as to ways and means of securing a footing on the vast and rich territory of our Ally.

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Да, почитал - посмеялся!!!
Вот и верь экономическим прогнозам. О необходимости кредитования предупредили, а вот про революцию под дверью страны нет ни слова!
Лемур